การบันทึกเสียงเพลงไทยลงกระบอกเสียงครั้งแรก
โดยคณะนายบุศย์มหินทร์



Welcome to Boosra Mahin website Thanks for visiting Any question or comment, please email phonograph@hotmail.com



This website dedicated to the preservation of the first recorded Siamese songs on Edison brown "wax cylinder"
that performed by the group of Boosra Mahin musicians at Berlin Zoo in 1900.

NOTICE
SOME WEBPAGES CONTAIN BOTH THAI AND ENGLISH.
IF YOUR COMPUTER DOES NOT HAVE A PROGRAM TO READ THAI,
ALL WORDS WILL BE DISPLAYED IN THE FORM OF JUNK SCRIPT.
THE JUNK SCRIPT WILL NOT HARM YOUR COMPUTER.
PLEASE IGNORE IT
โปรดทราบ
รายละเอียดต่างๆที่ปรากฏภายในเวปไซด์นี้
อาจจะมีทั้งภาษาไทยและอังกฤษอยู่ในหน้าเดียวกัน
เนื่องจากมีชาวต่างชาติจํานวนมากให้ความสนใจ
เรื่องราวการบันทึกเสียงของนาย บุศย์ ณ. กรุงเบอร์ลิน เยอรมันนี
จึงขออภัยมา ณ. ที่นี้ด้วย


Please Click on to see more!
Click on the above picture to see "Unseen pictures" in 1900.


Siamese song
"TA-YOI-KA-MANE"
recorded on an Edison brown wax
at Berlin Zoo, Germany in 1900

This web site is about "Boosra Mahin", who was the first Thai to visit Germany with his group of musicians to perform Siamese music. His orchestra performed at the Berlin Zoo and recorded many brown Edison wax cylinders in 1900.
There are many researchers interested in the European tour of "Boosra Mahin" and his Siamese orchestra. Please click on the following names for more information.


Listen "Kham hom" song
on an Edison brown wax cylinder No.1
Please click on the lid as below
Please Click to listen on line
The Siamese cylinder recordings formed
the foundation of the Berlin Phonogramm-Archiv,
begun by "CARL STUMPF" in 1900.

The Berlin Phonogramm-Archiv (1900-2000).

Memory of the World (www.unesco.org).

Soundbag No. 69 (www.floraberlin.de).

Web page of Anake Nawikamune, Bangkok, Thailand.

Web page of Anant Narkkong, Bangkok, Thailand.

Web page of Maria Jenner, Vienna, Austria.

Web page of Dr. Rainer E. Lotz, Bonn, Germany.

Web page of Dr. Jean-Paul Agnard, Quebec, Canada.

Web page of Pluethipol Prachumphol, Bangkok, Thailand.

Listen "Kham Hom" song on an Edison wax cylinder.

Don't miss to watch...How to record on wax cylinder.

How to protect the wax cylinders from mold?.

Celebration 103 years of Siamese songs on the wax cylinders.

The beginning of the wax cylinder (In Thai).

The pictures of project 2W.

Special page:
H.R.H. PRINCESS MAHA CHAKRI SIRINDHORN recorded on an Edison wax cylinder.



Please Click to read the story Please Click to read the story Please Click to read the story

Recommended books
Please click on the cover to see inside!.

Please Click on to see inside

Please Click on to see inside

Key Words in Subject:  Boosra Mahin, Siamese songs, Edison, Cylinder, Wax, Recording, Germany, Berlin Phonogramm-Archiv, Carl Stumpf



The stories of..."WAX CYLINDER"


Please Click on to listen!



Have you ever known?
In 1886, the wax cylinder was introduced by Bell and Tainter
(who would eventually become the Columbia company).
And in late 1886 Thomas Edison introduced his own wax cylinder.
The war between the phonograph companies began.
Many of the earliest brown wax recordings were made on an individual basis,
but here is where many of the future stars of the recording industry got their start.
In this facinating period of the industry there were no rules,
just new ideas to be discovered.

How to make the blank wax?
The origin of records
Take a close look at what you listen to...it might spring from some unsuspected beginnings.

>>> Cows <<<
Stearin, the rendered fat of cud chewing animals, was the primary ingredient of early records.
Here is an 1896 recipe:
Stearic acid, 48%
Sodium stearate, 20.2%
Aluminum sterate, 11.3%
Ceresin, 20.5%
Other waxes poured in the brew included at times
carnauba, whale wax, beeswax, and ozocerite.
One reason Edison switched in 1889 from a metal to a jeweled stylus was
because the stearic acid in the records rusted the metal point.
The wax was roasted in 900 pound pots where it was heated up to 480 degrees farenheit.
The hotter the wax, the browner the record.
Record making could be dangerous. An 1889 explosion while stirring the vat
left Edison swathed in bandages for weeks.
Edison’s wax was the best in the industry.
Columbia bought Edison’s wax masters until he cut off the supply in the late 1890s,
and Eldridge Johnson liked Edison’s wax so much
he melted down old Edison cylinders in his early disc recording experiments.
Early records were recorded one by one, but by 1892 records were pantographed,
as many as 30 copies per master.
By 1898 Edison and Columbia were making their masters on 5" wax or metal drums.
Click here to read...More stories! (From: www.intertique.com).
Click here to see...How to make? (By: Shawn Borri).

How to record on the blank wax?
To record an early phonograph record,
performers would stand in front of a funnel-shaped horn
attached to a phonograph and belt out their songs.
High volume was needed to make the recording diaphragm vibrate
enough to force the stylus to carve the blank wax cylinder.
Click here to see...How to record?

How to handle the wax?

Handle by inserting middle and index fingers in the center hole,
then gently spread them to just keep the cylinder from slipping off.
Do not touch the grooves of wax cylinders; they are very susceptible to mold.
Wax cylinders should be at room temperature before touching;
the thermal shock from the warmth of your hand can cause cold wax cylinders to split.








Recommended Links (a Must see)
The Phonograph Makers' Pages
By Christer Hamp, Stockholm, Sweden.


The Jean-Paul Agnard's Cylinder Phonographs Collection
By Jean-Paul Agnard, Quebec, Canada


www.tinfoil.com
By Glenn Sage, Oregon, America


www.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phonograph_cylinder
By Phonograph cylinder, Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

The Cylinder Archive
By Norman Bruderhofer.


The Edison Cylinder Record Company & Recording Studio!
By Shawn Borri, La Moille, IL, America




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